According to astronomy after Jupiter, Saturn is the second largest planet in the solar system. Saturn is a giant ball of gas with no solid surface beneath its clouds. The colourful clouds of Saturn are composed of ammonia ice crystal. Saturn’s atmosphere above the clouds approximately 96% hydrogen and 4% helium, Saturn has a volume 764 times that of the earth but weight only 95 times as much. Saturn is the only planet in the solar system less denser than the water. Saturn has a large ring system and more known moons 18 than any other planet.
According to Hindu mythology, Shani is known as the son of the sun as Chayya (shadow) and also the brother of Lord Yama( the god of death). Shani is an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva. Shani is the deity who is considered as the god of justice who gets angry easily if a person indulges in sin or bad deeds. Shani gives results according to native good or bad deeds. Ancient mythology says shani kicked his foster mother as a young boy when she was delaying to feed him. Therefore it is said she cursed him to became lame in one leg. This is however symbolic shani moves very slow in the horoscope.
One’s Sadesati is made up of three periods of approximately two and a half years each because Saturn travels in one rashi for two and a half years.
The seven and a half year period during which Saturn transits in the 12th, 1st and 2nd houses from the birth Rashi ( Moon Sign) is called the Sadesati of Saturn. Normally in the lifetime of a person, Sadesathi of Saturn occurs three times.
Transit of Saturn in 4th and 8th from moon sign is called kantaka Shani or dhayya of Shani. When Saturn in transit is in the 4th or 8th house from the moon sign, it is the period for illness, quarrels with brother foreign stay with less benefit, hardships and anxiety.
Many people are afraid of the word Sadesati. This is a period of seven and half years and generally Suppose to bring the only disaster for the person going through this seven and half years period but this is not right. This can be decided according to the Asthana and Sarvashtaka Varga of Saturn. Saturn gives mixed results when Saturn has 4 points in the Ashtakavarga and 28 points in the Sarvashtaka Varga. If the points exceed this number the results are auspicious and if they fall below this number they are inauspicious. If in the birth horoscope Saturn is strong ( exalted or placed in own Rashi as the ruling planet of Capricorn and is exalted in Libra) or it is a yogakarka or it is the lord of the Rashi (Capricorn and Aquarius) then the bad effects for the natives are comparatively lesser than others. Actually, Sadesati concerns a native’s sense of responsibility commitment duty including their physical and emotional endurance in times of hardships. Since ancient times, there has been a general belief among the masses that the Sadesati of Saturn is usually painful and problematic from the mental,physical and financial point of view. The moment people hear about Sadesati of Saturn, they get worried and fearful. During the Sadesati of Saturn, the native may experience laziness, mental stress, disputes, a problem due to ailments and enemies, losses due to theft and fire and death of elders in the family might occur. Efforts do not lead to fruitful results. No work is according to one’s desires work may be delayed and hurdles in work are the highlight of this period.